UN report includes 32 recommendations for the Iraqi government and 11 for the provincial government in the field of human rights
UN report includes 32 recommendations for the Iraqi government and 11 for the provincial government in the field of human rights
Tuesday, 21 December / 2 January 2014 10:25
[Baghdad - where]
Said a report from the UN recommendation 32 of the Iraqi government and the 11 recommendations of the Kurdistan Regional Government in the field of human rights.
These recommendations were in a report received Tuesday by all of Iraq [where] of the United Nations Mission to help Iraq (UNAMI) and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, a semi-annual report on the situation of human rights in Iraq includes the first half of last year 2013.
The report said, citing the government, said 33 of the total 135 from previous recommendations had been fully implemented and that there are 99 other recommendations have been partially implemented, while the remaining three recommendations of other pending implementation. The recommendations that were not implemented ratification of the Optional Protocols to the number of human rights treaties and to issue a standing invitation to all special procedures of the United Nations
The recommendations include the new Iraqi government to consider acceding to the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and the Optional Protocols to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and other instruments and review the reservations made by Iraq to joining the international treaties of human rights with considering the possibility of withdrawing.
3 The report recommended that in view of accession to the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees (the 1967 Protocol) and the 1954 Convention relating to the Status
Stateless Persons and the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness and the Additional Protocol II to the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and the ratification of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.
Also recommended to ensure the independence of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and the effectiveness of their performance in accordance with the principles set by the General Assembly of the United Nations and to consider accepting the procedures for individual complaints;
In the area of armed violence and terrorism, the report recommended the development of policies aimed at addressing the conditions conducive to the spread of terrorism and to ensure the provision of appropriate resources and the training of police and security forces to help in the investigation of acts of terrorism so as to identify the culprits and charge them and deal with them properly and in accordance with the Iraqi constitution and Iraq's obligations international legal ..
Recommendation to ensure compliance by the police and all state employees working on law enforcement and the administration of justice for Iraq's obligations under the Iraqi constitution and international law of human rights, including in relation to persons held in connection with issues related to terrorist violence.
Ensure proper coordination and effective for financial support, medical and other forms of support for the victims of direct or indirect violence wherever or whenever committed these acts of violence.
Modify the Anti-Terrorism Act No. 13 of 2005 to ensure compatibility with the provisions of the international law of human rights and the constitution, including with respect to the rights of a fair trial.
Do legal and institutional reforms to ensure the subordination of all prisons and places of detention to the authority of the Ministry of Justice and providing specialist cadre accountable in front of the ministry;
Reform the management of prisons and places of detention to ensure that any person detained by the police for more than 24 hours without being released Ottoger formal charge him and moved to the facility and the Ministry of Justice.
Allocation of resources for the training of police officers and investigators on appropriate techniques to investigate crimes, including the collection of forensic evidence, and others.
Ensure compliance of all state employees and their representatives to Iraq's international obligations in the field of human rights, including in relation to the full implementation of the Convention against Torture and ensure independent investigations quickly, thoroughly and impartially all allegations of torture and other ill-treatment, and charge the perpetrators and prosecuted in accordance with the law, and to compensate victims appropriately and adequately, including through the provision of medical and social assistance and other appropriate assistance.
The establishment of an independent supervisory body, for example ombudsman or a police disciplinary tribunal, to investigate allegations of abuse of power or violation of professional standards by the police.
In the area of the death penalty report included several recommendations are
Declare a moratorium on the death penalty in accordance with the resolutions of the General Assembly of the United Nations and reviewing the Penal Code and the Criminal Procedure Code with the consideration of the abolition of the death penalty and to consider acceding to the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty;
Application of international standards that provide safeguards guaranteeing the rights of those facing the death penalty as set out in the Annex to Resolution 1984 issued on May 25 / May 1984 until the abolition of the death penalty in Iraq
In the area of women's rights included recommendations
Ensure the full implementation of the national strategy to combat violence against women, including:
A. Review all legislation to ensure that they promote women's rights and protection, especially amending the Penal Code No. 111 of 1969 in order to eliminate consideration of "honor" as a mitigating factor in relation to crimes of violence against women;
B. Ensure the allocation of adequate resources to provide medical and social support for women victims of domestic violence or other forms of violence, including the provision of shelter
C. Ensure that state employees working on law enforcement and the administration of justice to conduct proper investigations in all allegations of violence against women and to deal with the perpetrators in accordance with law;
D. Ensure the provision of appropriate training for all state employees working on law enforcement and the administration of justice in relation to gender issues, particularly violence against women and how to properly handle such cases, and taking into account the sensitivity;
The recommendations also included
Amend the Criminal Code to ensure the imposition of appropriate penalties and reasonable for the crime of prostitution, and to ensure the provision of financial support, medical and other forms of support, including vocational training, for women Mahkumat issues prostitution addition, to ensure that the criminalization of victims of trafficking and sexual exploitation, and ensure the treatment of victims and provide care and the appropriate support and assistance to them.
Additional measures to prevent forced marriages and ensure that girls and women victims of forced marriages legal support, medical and appropriate financial and other forms of support.
In the area of children's rights recommendations included:
Reform of the criminal justice system for juveniles to ensure consider providing alternatives to detention for children who are in conflict with the law.
Ensure the availability of services and the right conditions for the care and physical and mental development of children in juvenile detention facilities as well as for all staff who work with children on the proper training in the field of child care.
Ensure the implementation of programs to ensure that all children have access to basic services, including health care, housing and education.
In the area of the rights of ethnic and religious groups and other minorities recommendations included:
Conducting legal and institutional reforms to ensure that all laws and policies prohibiting all forms of discrimination and promote equality and respect for all persons, without distinction of any kind, such as race, color, sex, language or religion, political or other opinion Oalosal national or social or sexual orientation or property, birth or other status;
Review and reform of the school curriculum to introduce programs aimed at promoting equality and respect for all persons, without distinction of any kind, such as race, color, sex, language or religion, political or other opinion or national or social origin, birth or other status;
The adoption and implementation of legislation prohibiting incitement to violence or discrimination against others on the basis of race, color, sex, language or religion, political or other opinion or national or social origin, birth or other status.
In the area of the right to freedom of expression recommendations included:
Review all existing laws and policies to ensure that they provide and protect the rights of freedom of expression and opinion for all persons and the abolition of the provisions of the criminal laws relating to criminal defamation;
Ensure that all future legislation that respects and protects the rights of all citizens to receive and impart information freely and without hindrance, what were not restricted for legitimate purposes as permitted under international law;
Ensure the protection of journalists from harassment and violence during the performance of their work and to ensure immediate and comprehensive investigation into the allegations of harassment or violence and to hold accountable those responsible according to the law.
In the area of the right to freedom of assembly recommendations included:
Ensure full respect of the right of individuals to peaceful protest by the police and other government authorities.
Ensure the training of police officers and other state employees working on law enforcement when crowd control civil compliance
With international standards.
Public awareness campaigns aimed at raising awareness of the rights and duties of individuals and obligations, especially in relation to human freedom
Expression, opinion and assembly.
The recommendations of the Kurdistan Regional Government has included the report:
Release or, when possible, prosecute all persons detained for long periods without charge and to ensure that transferring detainees to trial expeditiously completely in line with international standards for fair trial.
Continue programs aimed at reducing overcrowding in detention facilities and prisons through the creation of new facilities and to reconsider the need for facilities to pre-trial detention and promote the efficient handling of cases before the courts.
Ensure the appointment of a sufficient number of judges and the tide was appointed two years who possess qualifications appropriate legal and trainers on the application of the legislation and who are committed to meeting the highest standards of the rule of law and fair trial, integrity and the administration of justice.
Continue to make progress towards full implementation of the law against domestic violence, including the formation of committees of reconciliation and the completion of shelter policy and approval and ensure the appointment of officials with jurisdiction and competence in the field of combating violence against women quickly and transparently.
Review law the rights of persons with disabilities to ensure its consistency with the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and ensure fully implemented.
The Government of the Kurdistan region of the establishment of the inter-ministerial follow-up and development of people with special needs to include representatives of organizations of persons with disabilities.
Ensure the protection of journalists from harassment and violence while on duty and that the courts deal with the issues of journalists, according to the law of journalistic work in Kurdistan
Ensure full respect of the right of individuals to peaceful protest by the police and other authorities, and to provide appropriate training for all police officers in the field of civilian crowd control.
Educate citizens in the field of human rights.
Facilitate the passage of the freedom of access to information and ensure that all future legislation that respects and protects the rights of all individuals to receive and impart information freely and without hindrance, what were not restricted for legitimate purposes as permitted under international human rights law.
Streamline and simplify the implementation of policies and regulations applicable to migrant workers and the unification of all actions within one office or one ministry. And ensure the availability of information on the registration process and the rights and obligations of migrant workers in multiple languages, including electronically, at the entry points to the Kurdistan region. The investigation with companies that fail to register migrant workers within the legal time frame and take tough action right.
Support the independence of the Independent Commission for Human Rights and ensure compliance with the Paris Principles.
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